Renewable energy consumptive nearby which will solve the pro
April 11, the National Development and Reform Commission recently announced the approval of Gansu Province, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Jilin Province renewable energy consumptive nearby pilot program.
The so-called renewable energy consumptive nearby, is through the expansion of electricity demand, improve the electricity transmission and distribution policies to promote market-based transactions, etc., to improve the local renewable energy consumptive capacity.
NDRC Energy Research Institute Renewable Energy Development Center, deputy Rengao Hu 21st Century Business Herald reporter explained, a consumptive capacity of the region in the absence of the transfer of industry to undertake foreign premise, there will be no significant change in the short term, so the nearest Consumers It is in the nature of satisfied consumptive capacity in certain circumstances, various power generation right between the thermal power, hydropower, wind power, solar power and other issues such as how to redistribute the reform difficulty is not small.
Less than three oversupply consumptive
Gansu, Inner Mongolia and Jilin are three renewable energy consumptive prominent problem areas.
Among them, "Gansu Province, renewable energy consumptive nearby pilot program" (hereinafter referred to as "Gansu Programme") pointed out that there are three main problems in Gansu.
First, Gansu province oversupply of electricity, renewable energy deficiency consumptive. Province electricity load slower growth in installed capacity has exceeded the duty ratio 3:1, surplus generating capacity of 60 billion kwh. The rapid growth of renewable energy installed capacity by the end of 2015, wind power capacity increased by 24%, an increase of 18% in installed photovoltaic renewable energy consumptive relative lack of space.
Secondly, the outgoing channel grid poor, renewable energy delivery is limited. Currently, Gansu Province has not yet built a dedicated UHV power grid delivery channels, in particular the new energy-rich region west grid is relatively weak, with limited new energy power delivery capability. By 2015, wind power wind discard rate of nearly 39%, 30% light photoelectric abandoned.
"Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of renewable energy consumptive nearby pilot program" (hereinafter referred to as "Inner Mongolia Programme") there is also a lack of consumptive, poor delivery channels and other issues.
First, the new renewable energy capacity does not match the demand for electricity. By the end of 2015, the region's electric power installed capacity increased by 12.52 percent, wind power capacity increased by 15.46%, PV installed capacity increased by 65%, the region of the whole society electricity consumption grew 5.22 percent year on year. By the end of this year, West Inner Mongolia surplus thermal power installed capacity reached 10 million kilowatts, eastern Mongolia reach 600 million kilowatts.
Second, off-grid transmission channel construction is lagging behind, renewable energy delivery is blocked. Currently, Inner Mongolia has approved three foreign UHV transmission channel electrical contact with the West Inner Mongolia Power Grid, the stock can not consumptive renewable energy installed capacity. By the economic downturn and the impact of environmental management, outside the area affected by the market decline in power demand, resulting in delivery of existing capacity reduces the impact of renewable energy consumptive delivery.
Third, the current relevant laws and regulations and tariff policy is not perfect, is not conducive to renewable energy consumptive way through the market.
"Renewable energy Jilin nearby consumptive pilot program" (hereinafter referred to as "Jilin scheme") proposed in recent years, Jilin Electric Power serious surplus of over 40 billion kwh of electricity wealthy, is also extremely prominent contradiction of supply exceeding demand. Jilin abandoned wind is a serious problem in recent years, the rate of abandoned wind continuously ranked the forefront of the mid-air heating TV area abandoned wind, wind power full stop at night to become the norm, the cumulative rate of 31.1% abandoned wind.
To leave enough space nearby consumptive
To solve these problems, the three programs have put forward a package of measures.
Among them, the "Inner Mongolia options" to protect into the planning of wind, solar, biomass and other renewable energy power generation priority, scientific development of annual power balance programs for renewable energy consumptive leave enough space, wind power, solar power year guarantee plans charge higher than the actual power output over the same period. Part plan to encourage the protection of power other than to participate in market competition, trading organizations and priority scheduling mechanism to implement it.
China Renewable Energy Association Professional Committee of the Secretary-General Qin Haiyan, on the 21st Century Business Herald reporter analysis, which is the protection of renewable energy consumptive near the most critical measure is to implement the "Renewable Energy Power Generation full protection of the acquisition management practices "expression.
National Development and Reform Commission for the three pilot program approval indicated that the pilot areas to actively promote the marketization process of the program implementation process, to explore the establishment of a sound ancillary service mechanism to promote renewable energy consumptive, with the conditions of the region can try to establish a reserve capacity market increase thermal power peaking enthusiasm.
To this end, Gansu and Inner Mongolia, the two have raised and fully tap the potential of the system peak load, rationalization spinning reserve capacity; encourage thermal power peaking depth encourage cogeneration, owned power plant to participate in peak shaving, make renewable energy more large power generation space.
When a researcher for the National Energy Jingli 21st Century Business Herald reporter analysis, the so-called reserve capacity market operations are rarely used in practice, mainly because of "capacity price and electricity tariff," two-part tariff is not established.
When "the reserve capacity market, thermal power units enjoy both in operating condition quantity price also enjoy the capacity price, in the case of downtime can also enjoy the capacity price guarantee basic income, so thermal power increases the peaking of enthusiasm." Jing Li explained.
In addition, "Gansu plan" put forward to play in Western policy incentives to vigorously develop strategic emerging industries, effectively increase industrial electricity load. Relying on the "Made in China 2025" strategy and policy support played Gansu raw materials industry comparative advantage in resources, personnel, research and development, through to undertake the transfer, technology transfer and technical studies, etc., to accelerate the development of new materials industry, extend the industrial chain and promote Gansu industrial restructuring.