PV poor implementation details make poverty line become more
471 counties and Reform Commission on April 5 issued "on the implementation of photovoltaic power generation Poverty Work" (the "Opinion") proposed that by 2020, focusing on the pre-pilot, and better lighting conditions of about 16 provinces 35000 filing Li card impoverished village.
Specifically whole village will be a way to protect the 2 million filing cards stand poor households are unable to work (including persons) per household increased by more than the annual income of 3,000 yuan. Other good light conditions in poor areas in accordance with the requirements of precise poverty alleviation, promoting the implementation of local conditions.
PV poverty alleviation model to local conditions
In March this year during the two sessions, on behalf of members from several solar companies to make recommendations for photovoltaic poverty. Energy Agency also issued a document to promote PV poverty alleviation, March 10, the National Energy Board issued "on the issuance of the 2016 poverty alleviation and support work points invitation", issued in January, "Implementation of accelerating poverty-stricken areas of energy development and construction of advance tackling poverty in opinion".
From all over the practice, PV poverty alleviation There are four main types. First, household photovoltaic power generation poverty, poor households use the roof space or courtyard building 3-5 kilowatts of power generation systems, property and income are the property of all poor households. Followed by the PV power plant poor village to village to build a collective body, the use of the village collective land to build 100-300 kilowatts of small power plants, property owned by the village collectively owned by the village collective income, poor households prorated, where poor households more than 60% revenue share.
"Opinions" clear, take the village PV power plant (including household) mode, corresponding to the size of the project for each standard poverty reduction target of about 5 kW photovoltaic power plant to take a centralized manner, corresponding to the size of the project for each standard poverty reduction target is 25 kilowatts about.
The industry estimates, if calculated according to two million, the average minimum five kilowatts, the total installed capacity of 10 million kilowatts, then the current per watt for an integrated dedicate 10 yuan, can bring about 100 billion yuan of market demand.
It also includes a photovoltaic greenhouses poverty alleviation, agricultural use of agricultural greenhouses and other modern facilities of photovoltaic power plants, investment property owned enterprises and poor households total. PV ground station poverty reduction, the use of barren hills and slopes construction of 10MW or more large-scale ground photovoltaic power plants, property owned investment enterprises, corporate donations part of the equity, return on equity allocated to poor households.
PV poverty alleviation performed earlier Anhui Poverty Alleviation, said Deputy Director Chen Xiande, photovoltaic poverty is too complex to understand the outside world, in fact, like home appliances, photovoltaic power plants built in rural areas only, funded by investors consider normalized income of poor households.
"Opinions" in particular should be made to local conditions and select the mode of photovoltaic construction Poverty construction sites, specifically to consider the number of poverty reduction target, distribution and construction of photovoltaic power generation conditions to ensure a stable income poverty reduction target every year.
Poverty PV power plant will use the capital gains institutional arrangements for poverty reduction, protection of poor households to obtain a stable income. Based resources, lack of land resources in the eastern region, village PV power plant can be based (including household), West and Central abundant land resources area, the construction can be appropriate scale centralized PV power plant.
Household annual increase 3000 yuan easy
"Opinions" put forward specific, local governments can integrate poverty alleviation and other related agro-industry funding, comprehensively addressing poverty photovoltaic project construction funds, government financing can be converted into shares quantization to poor villages and poor households.
Reporter from companies involved in photovoltaic poverty contact learned photovoltaic poverty problem boils down mainly to grasp the use of land or roof, followed by financial problems, and rural distribution network is facing pressure to upgrade.
"Opinions" also made it clear, on the village PV power plant, part of the loan may be given to the provincial poverty alleviation fund discount, discount amount according to the relevant provisions of age and poverty alleviation loans from all over the co-ordination arrangements. Centralized power stations designated by the local government investment and financing and commercial enterprises to raise investment capital, and the remaining funds by the State Development Bank, Agricultural Development Bank of China mainly provide preferential loans. Encourage state-owned enterprises, private enterprises to actively participate in poverty alleviation photovoltaic project investment, construction and management.
This means that the funding sources will diversify photovoltaic poverty reduction. Jinko CEO Chen Kangping said the reporter, governments could consider small-scale and centralized combination, make full use of the village open space, roof village collective roof, nursing homes and other public buildings and other large installed capacity, revenue may be made a plurality of poor households sharing model to ensure that poverty reduction can be effective photovoltaic precise landing.
Grid infrastructure in poor areas is relatively weak, in accordance with the provisions of the national grid, the PV installed capacity and outlets should not exceed 30% of the total capacity of the transformer. Common in rural transformer capacity 200 - 300 kW, the figure of a village only tens of kilowatts of installed capacity can not meet the needs of the PV-scale poverty alleviation.
NDRC "Opinions" put forward specific, power grids grid enterprises to increase efforts in poor rural areas, to provide technical support for the poverty alleviation project of photovoltaic grid connection and grid operation, power grid enterprises should develop a reasonable PV poverty alleviation projects and network operation and electricity consumption Carolina program to ensure that the project priority access and full acquisition.
According to "Opinions", to all poor counties where (county) government should establish a photovoltaic poor income distribution management approach, precise identification of the poverty reduction target, and dynamic management, poverty should be guaranteed to each object gets more annual income of 3,000 yuan in principle. Changjiang Securities analyst said the new energy, households with five kilowatts, according to the annual generating 1500 hours, tariff income more than 7000 yuan, annual household income to achieve 3000 yuan is still very easy.