International Renewable Energy Agency released roadmap for
March 17, the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) published "Towards a renewable energy future roadmap." Line analysis of the energy transformation of global energy consumption accounts for 80% of the 40 economies that by 2030 global energy mix renewable energy accounted for 36%, compared with 2014, doubling is possible, once achieved, can the world each year net savings of as much as $ 4.2 trillion in energy consumption, and the resulting energy savings will invest as much as 15 times the cost.
Proposed new development goals requires binding deeper structural reforms, and vigorously develop new renewable energy sources. IRENA according to the plan, by 2030, the proportion of renewable energy in the construction industry will reach 57 percent, nearly half of the world's electricity will come from renewable energy sources. Proportion of renewable energy in the industrial and transport sectors were also increased to 35% and 16%.
The figure pointed out, such as to achieve the goal to double by 2030 each renewable energy technology should grow share. In which the top three are solar thermal, solar and wind power.
No impact on oil prices; cost reduction driven investment growth
In 2015, it continued to decline in the amount of fossil fuel use around the world, and in the utilization of renewable energy continues to grow at an unprecedented speed, which is mainly based on the following two reasons. First, over the past 18 months, oil prices fell sharply and did not have an impact on the prospects for renewable energy. By 2015, renewable energy attracted $ 280 billion of investment, forming a peak in renewable energy investments. Wherein the solar photovoltaic and wind power installed capacity reached a new record high, far exceeding the capacity of the new year with fossil fuels and nuclear energy. Second, the continued decline in the cost of promoting renewable energy continues to grow. Equipment, installation and project financing prices continue to decline so that investors believe that investment in wind and solar energy can balance their energy mix, fossil fuels, mitigation of austerity brought about by pressure.
Shown above, despite the global fossil fuel price instability in 2015 and continued to decline, investment in renewable energy remains high, volatility growth.
Economic output and employment; pollutant emissions; carbon dioxide emissions
The report notes that the requirement to achieve the goal by 2030. Each year, about $ 290 billion invested in renewable energy sector. However, this effect is brought into profound. First, the renewable energy industry GDP will increase from $ 360 billion in 2015 to $ 1.3 trillion in 2030, delivers 24.4 million jobs. Secondly, the effect of reducing emissions of pollutants and to achieve the objectives expected to bring annual savings of up to 1050 to 3200 billion U.S. dollars, reducing air pollution could save about 400 million lives a year. Finally, a combination of energy efficiency, achieving this goal can bring annual carbon dioxide emission reductions of up to 12 billion tons, help to achieve before the "Paris Agreement" in "the global average temperature increase compared with the level of industrialization in control 2oC target within.
The report notes that by 2030, doubling the proportion of renewable energy targets still need to "marathon" type of effort - average annual growth rate of renewable energy use must rise from the current 0.17% to 1%. To achieve the renewable energy, high-speed growth, the report recommends that policy-makers to take action in five key areas of the following actions:
Correct market distortions and create a level playing field;
It allows greater flexibility in the energy system, the multi-class focus on inclusive development of renewable energy resources;
The development and utilization of renewable energy heating and cooling solutions in urban development projects and industrial industries;
Based on the promotion of renewable energy and biofuels transport;
Ensuring sustainable, economically viable and reliable supply of bioenergy feedstocks.
There must be a concerted international cooperation
International Renewable Energy Agency Director of Innovation and Technology Centre AdnanZ.Amin pointed out that "the era of renewable energy has come. But without concerted international cooperation, its potential is difficult to be rapidly developed to implement international climate and development goals. for policy makers, the report further attempts to issue an alert: now or never. "